Knee Arthroplasty

People suffering from unendurable knee pain should consult an orthopedic surgeon. Knee-related issues are arduous to handle as they have a physical and mental impact; the person cannot function adequately in their life. Patients who want to get in contact with a verified and competent orthopedic surgeon should check out

What is knee arthroplasty?

Knee arthroplasty refers to knee replacement. Most of the people opting for knee replacement suffer from osteoarthritis. The procedure involves the removal of the damaged part and replacing it with artificial material. The different types of knee replacements are:

  • Total Knee Replacement: The surgery is performed to replace the entire knee.
  • Partial Knee Replacement: The surgical procedure only replaces the affected part.
  • Bilateral Knee Replacement: In this process, the surgical procedure repairs both knees.

What is the procedure of knee arthroplasty?

The patient is given general, and epidural anesthesia before the surgery. Along with the anesthesia, the patient is given antibiotics to reduce the risk of infection. The procedure involves the removal of bone and affected cartilage from the femur and tibia. The affected part is replaced with metal and plastic implants. The surgery ensures that the person can flex and bend without any pain.

After the surgery, the person has to stay at the hospital for 2-3 days. The medical experts will initiate the weight-bearing therapy that would help adjust to the new knee.

How to prepare for the surgery?

The patient has to go through multiple tests to ensure that the body will accept the change. The medical history, use of supplements, and overall health help determine if the person can go through the surgery. 

What are the risks associated with knee replacement?

There are various risks involved with knee replacements. The contingencies include blood clotting in veins and arteries, infection, nerve damage, stroke, heart attack, and infection. The patient has to stay at the hospital after the surgery to ensure that the surgery was a success. However, if the person observes temperature, chills, drainage from the surgical site, swelling, redness, and pain should immediately consult the surgeon as it indicates infection, which may require another follow-up surgery.

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What is the aftercare for knee arthroplasty?

The patient should be aware that the recovery can take weeks and even months. The tips that can be effective are:

  • No use of stairs till the patient has fully recovered. 
  • Stay in contact with your physiotherapist.
  • Regularly perform strengthening exercises recommended by the physiotherapist
  • Visit the orthopedic surgeon after two weeks
  • Talk to a psychologist as the process can affect mental health.

How effective is knee arthroplasty?

Knee arthroplasty is a successful procedure. The replacement of the knee is proven effective and lasts for more than fifteen years. Patients have reported ease in the pain after the surgery. They are to lead a better life and be a part of everyday activities that help enhance the quality of life.

Knee replacement can help the person to lead a quality life. The people who think that knee replacement can help with the pain should consult the orthopedic surgeon in Islamabad.

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